Nearly 240 species of vertebrates, including 150 species of
native birds, are found at and near Stanford. In addition to
the native bird species, more than 45 species of mammals, 19
species of reptiles, 11 species of amphibians, and 8 species of
fishes native to the area have been recorded. In addition, subfossil
remains of a host of other vertebrate species have been
found at Stanford. Grizzly bear (Ursus arctos), pronghorn
(Antilocapra americana), tule elk (Cervus elaphus), and roadrunner
(Geococcyx californianus) are among the species recently
extirpated from the area. Additional special status species including steelhead
(Onchorhynchus mykiss), Western pond turtle (Actinemys marmorata),
and Western burrowing owl (Athene cunicularia hypugea) are located on lands
owned by Stanford, but not covered under the Stanford Habitat Conservation Plan.
Approximately 30 non-native vertebrate species are present in
the area and some pose problems for conservation efforts. The
non-native centrarchids (sunfish and largemouth bass), bullfrog,
starling, and red fox potentially cause the most difficulties
for native wildlife.
In addition to the vertebrate species, a large number of species
of invertebrates are found at Stanford, including more than 30
species of butterflies and skippers, and 55 species of odonates.
Click here to see a full list of animal species on Stanford lands or the immediate vicinity.
Central California supports a highly diverse native flora and more than 670 species of native plants have been recorded in Stanford or the immediate vicinity. Unfortunately, more than 325 species of non-native plants have also been observed in the undeveloped areas of Stanford and more are encountered each year. There are a number of plant species historically present at Stanford and within its vicinity that are considered by the California Native Plant Society as being of conservation concern. These include: Franciscan onion (Allium peninsulare franciscanum, CNPS 1b), western leatherwood (Dirca occidentalis, CNPS 1b), woolly-headed lessingia (Lessingia hololeuca, CNPS 3), serpentine linanthus (Linanthus ambiguous, CNPS 4), chapparal bush mallow (Malocothamnus fasciculatus, CNPS 1b [as M. arcuatus), Gairdner�s yampah (Perideridia gairdneri gairdneri, CNPS 4), Michael�s piperia (Piperia michaelii, CNPS 4), Mt. Diablo cottonseed (Stylocline amphibola, CNPS 3), Hickman�s popcornflower (Plagiobothrys chorisianus var. hickmanii, CNPS 4), coast rock cress (Arabis blepharophylla, CNPS 4), fragrant fritillary (Fritillaria liliacea, CNPS 1b), mountain lady�s slipper (Cypripedium montanum, CNPS 4), spring lessingia (Lessingia tenuis, CNPS 4), bristly linanthus (Linanthus acicularis, CNPS 4), California rockjasmine (Androsace elongate acuta, CNPS 4), showy Indian clover (Trifolium amoenum, CNPS 1b), and San Francisco blue-eyed mary (Collinsia multicolor, CNPS 1b). Most of these species have not been recorded at Stanford for many decades. If present, these species are found predominately on Jasper Ridge, although the western leatherwood is also found scattered through the oak and riparian woodlands of campus.
Click here to see a full list of plant species on Stanford lands or the immediate vicinity.